This is the Japanese term for many resist-dye textile techniques, commonly translated as shaped resist dyeing (which is not unlike Western tie-dye). These techniques create pattern on the cloth by binding, stitching, folding, twisting, or compressing it.  Common types include Kanoko (binding), Muira (looped binding; using a hooked needle to pluck sections of the cloth), Kumo (pleating), Mokume and Nui (stitching), Arashi (pole-wrapping), and Itajime (shaped-resist).