This is the Japanese term for many resist-dye textile techniques, commonly translated as shaped resist dyeing (which is not unlike Western tie-dye). Common types include Kanoko (binding), Muira (looped binding; using a hooked needle to pluck sections of the cloth), Kumo (pleating), Mokume and Nui (stitching), Arashi (pole-wrapping), and Itajime (shaped-resist).
Simple Shibori - The Art of Resist Painting
Shibori is a technique in which cloth is tightly compressed by tying, clamping, folding, and stitching, so that areas of the fabric resist coloring agents, creating wonderful designs and
patterns. The Japanese word shibori comes from the verb root shiboru, meaning "to wring, squeeze, or press."
You can get near-instant surface design gratification with a simple shibori technique that uses acrylic fabric paint instead of dye. What can be easier than wrapping fabric around a
can, tying it with string, and applying some textile paints with a brush? You can unwrap the fabric a few minutes
later. Ironing sets the paint and dries the fabric, making it easy to apply a second or third transparent color. And
there you have it—simple shibori.
Check out this technique in "Simple Shibori" from Quilting Arts Magazine Dec 2011/Jan 2012.
Here are a few great tips on shibori fabric dyeing from expert Susan Purney Mark:
- Layer a sheer fabric on top of
a heavier fabric and follow the
directions for stitching and dyeing,
treating the two fabrics as one
piece. Remove the stitching for two different completed fabrics.
- After the initial dyeing, fold and
re-stitch the fabric in the opposite
direction. Slide the tube onto the
pipe, wax, and dye for a crosshatch
- Or try the easy method. If you don’t have a pipe and
fiber-reactive dyes, follow instructions but substitute an empty wine bottle for the pipe and
diluted textile paints for the dyes. Let the fabric dry and then remove it from the wine bottle. Place it between layers of newspaper and press, following the paint manufacturer’s instructions. It will remove some of the wax and heat set the paint at the same time. Wash the fabric to remove the remaining wax.
Learn more tricks like these and get the full technique in the "Soy Wax and Shibori-Style Resist" article from Quilting Arts Magazine Feb/Mar 2014.